Skip to main content

Full text of "Ruth St. Denis, pioneer & prophet : being a history of her cycle of oriental dances"

See other formats


V 



















J 






f 



\ 



'EXLIBKIS UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA f/S 



JOHN HEW NASH LIBRARY 

SAN FRANCISCO 

PRESENTED TO THE 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 



ROBERT GORPON SPROUL, PRESIDENT 
BY" * 



MR.ANDMRS.MILTON S.RAY 
CECILY, VIRGINIA ANDROSAIYN RAY 

AND THE 

RAY OIL BURNER COMPANY 




Volume II 

Three hundred and fifty copies of this hook 

were printed by John Henry Nash, San Francisco 

in Nineteen Hundred and Twenty 

Decorations are the work of 

W. F. Rauschnabel 

This copy is 




THE 

PEACOCK 
DANCE 

from a painting 

by 

Robert Henri 




Ruth St. Denis : Pioneer & Prophet 

BEING A HISTORY OF 
HER CYCLE OF ORIENTAL DANCES BY 

TED SHAWN 



Volume II: The Plates 



PRINTED FOR JOHN HOWELL 

BY JOHN HENRY NASH, SAN FRANCISCO 

MDCCCCXX 









Copyright, Nineteen Hundred & Twenty, by Ted Shawn, Los Angeles 



A Complete List of the Plates with Notes 

Frontispiece Volume I From a fainting by Max Wieczorek 
Frontispiece Volume II From a fainting by Robert Henri 

I. EGYPTA, by H. T. Motoyoshi, San Francisco 

The first Oriental photograph. This shows the costume which Ruth St.Denis made herself, 
under the force of her first inspiration, while she was touring in "Du Barry." 

H. RADHA, by Burr Mclntosh, NewYork 

The first costume for the Temple Dance. Note the nose-ring, later discarded. The hack- 
ground is the screen used prior to having a full stage setting. 

m. RADHA, by White, NewYork 

The first complete scene for the Temple Dance. Reproduction of an aSual temple in 
India. Full stage piSure. 

iv. RADHA, by White, New York 

The Temple scene as it was ultimately developed. Full stage pitlure. 

V. RADHA, by Otto Sarony, NewYork 

Seated figure in the posture of the idol at the opening and the conclusion of the Temple 
Dance. 

vi. RADHA, by Otto Sarony, New York 

(a) Sense of sight, (h) Sense of hearing, (c) Sense of smell, (d) Sense of taste, (e) Sense 
of touch, (f) The delirium of the senses. 

vn. THE INCENSE, by Notman, Boston 

The high-caste East Indian woman performing her ceremonies of worship behind the 
Purdah, the veil which separates the woman's quarters in the Hindu household. 

vra. THE INCENSE, by Strauss-Peyton, Kansas City 

The costume of blue-gray chiffon and pearls harmonizes with the smoke. 

ix. THE COBRAS, by Ellis and Walery, London 

East Indian street scene showing the bazaar, jugglers, merchants, and fakirs, with the snake- 
charmer and her musicians departing after their impromptu performance. Full stage 
pifhire. 

x. THE COBRAS, by Notman, Boston 

The dance in which Miss St. Denis was the snake-charmer and her arms the cobras. The 
use of emerald rings as snakes' eyes, which has been copied extensively, was her own in 
vention. 



A Complete List of 
the Plates with Notes 



xi. THE COBRAS 

From a painting by Orlando Rouland. 

xn. THE NAUTCH, by Ellis and Walery, London 

Scene in a Rajah's palace. The Rajah is entertaining a visiting potentate with a nautch. 
Full stage piSure. 

xm. THE NAUTCH 

From the painting byKaulbach which for some time hung in the Metropolitan Museum 
in NewYork. This shows the green costume. 

xiv. THE NAUTCH, ty White, NewYork 

This shows the second costume, which was of whiteand silver, with one hundred and twenty- 
five yards of Liberty silk in the skirt. 

xv. PARVATI, A NAUTCH DANCER, by Ira Hill, New York 

This shows the black and gold nautch dress used in the Pageant at the Greek Theatre at 
Berkeley and in vaudeville. 

xvi. AN EAST INDIAN NAUTCH, by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 
Given in the Denishawn Dance Theatre. Full stage pidure. 

XVH. THE YOGI, by " Veritas," Munich 

The East Indian prince who renounced earthly things and retired to the forest to medi 
tate, where he attained Samadhi (complete spiritual peace) . 

xvni. THE LOTUS POND, ty Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 
A Ranee in her garden in Cashmere. 

xix. EGYPTA,ty White, NewYork 

The Invocation to the Nile. In "Egypta " the dances of ancient Egypt were first repro 
duced in modem times. Full stage pifture, Amsterdam Theatre, NewYork. 

xx. EGYPTA, by Walinger, Chicago 

The Palace Dancer with two harpists. Two hieratic groups. 

xxi. THE EGYPTIAN BALLET, by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 
Ruth St. Denis, Ted Shawn, and eight Denishawn dancers. Full stage piSure. 

xxn. THE EGYPTIAN BALLET, ty Ira Hill, NewYork 
Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn in the posture of the Rebirth. 

xxin. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA, ty White, NewYork 

The Japanese courtesan O-mika walking in the Yoshiwara. Full stage pifture. 

xxiv. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA, ty Arnold Genthe, NewYork 
Head of O-mika. 

ii 



xxv. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA, by White, NewYork /[ Complete List of 

O-mika's apartments, with the courtesan performing the "flower-arrangement." Black i.L p p/^j.-j. '/./ \L,*- 
and gold scene. Full stage pi&ure. 

xxvi. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA, by White, New York 
Japanese flower hat dance. 

xxvn. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA, by Arnold Genthe, New York 
Japanese maiden defending herself with a spear, from the Samurai fight dance. 

xxvra. A JAPANESE POETESS OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY, 
by Arnold Genthe, NewYork 

xxix. BAKAWALI, A HINDU LOVE TALE, by White, NewYork 

Scene of Bakawali, an Apsaras (heavenly dancing girl), before the throne in Indra's 
Heavenly Court. Full stage picture. 

xxx. BAKAWALI, A HINDU LOVE TALE, by Baron de Meyer, New York 
Bakawali comes to earth to meet a mortal lover. The black and gold sari. 

xxxi. THE GARDEN OF KAMA, by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 

The Daughter of the House comes with offerings to invoke Kama (the East Indian Eros) . 

xxxn. THE GARDEN OF KAMA, by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 

Frightened at her success, the Daughter of the House flees from Kama (Ted Shawn), 
but receives a love-poisoned arrow in her heart. 

xxxra. THE GARDEN OF KAMA, by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 
The Daughter of the House sings," There is no breeze to cool the heat of love." 

xxxrv. THE GARDEN OF KAMA, by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 
Kama, in the guise of a poor fisher youth, is triumphant. 

xxxv. THE LEGEND OF THE PEACOCK, by*roloff,Evanston,ItL 

The East Indian woman who was turned into a peacock because of her excessive vanity. 

xxxvi. THE SCHERZO WALTZ, by MofFett, Chicago 

xxxvn. FROM A GRECIAN VASE, by Oscar Pach, Cleveland 
Archaic Greek dance. 

xxxvra. OURIEDA, A ROMANCE OF THE DESERT, by Baron de Meyer, 
NewYork 

Ourieda, slave dancing girl in an Algerian coffee bouse. 

xxxix. OURIEDA, A ROMANCE OF THE DESERT, tyMoffett, Chicago 
Ourieda being led off into the desert to the tent of her lover (Ted Shawn). 



111 



A Complete List of XL. THE KUAN-YIN, by Ira Hill, NewYork 

the Plates with Notes The chinese Goddess f Merc y- 

XLI. THE SPIRIT OF THE SEA, by Ira Hill, NewYork 
Head portrait. 

XLH. THEODORA, EMPRESS OF BYZANTIUM, by Putnam & Valen 
tine, Los Angeles 
Mosaic throne room scene by Maxwell Armfield. Full stage picture. 

XLHI. THEODORA, EMPRESS OF BYZANTIUM, by Count Jean de Stre- 
lecki, NewYork 
Theodora dances before Justinian. 

XLIV. THE GREEK VEIL PLASTIQUE, by Witzel, Los Angeles 

Solo dance from the Opera "Orpheus " by Cluck as performed at the Greek Theatre at 
Berkeley. 

XLV. THE OULED-NAIL, by Count Jean de Strelecki, NewYork 
Character in an Algerian scene called "The Street of the Dancers." 

XLVI. ROYAL SIAMESE BALLET, fy Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 
Full stage picture. 

XLvn. PAGEANT AT THE GREEK THEATRE AT BERKELEY, ty In 
ternational Film Service 

Two scenes from the Egyptian dances, one taken on the stage and one in the orchestra of 
the Greek Theatre. 

XLvra. PAGEANT ATTHE GREEK THEATRE AT BERKELEY,^ Anne 
Brigman, Oakland 
The Tillers of the Soil. 

XLIX. PAGEANT AT THE GREEK THEATRE AT BERKELEY, by 
Strauss-Peyton, Kansas City 

A triptych picture of Parvati and the Holy Man, from the East Indian dances: (a) 
She seeks the Way of Peace; (b) Renunciation of worldly things is the Way; (c) The 
attainment. - 

L. DENISH AWN, by Buffum, Los Angeles 

The Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn School of Dancing and Related Arts. Ruth St. Denis 
giving the pupils a lesson in a dance of religious meditation. 

LI. RUTH ST. DENIS AT DENISHAWN, by Edward Henry Weston, 
Tropico, California 
In teaching costume. 

iv 



in. BALLET CLASS WORK AT DENISH AWN, by Putnam & Valen- A Complete List of 
tine, Los Angeles 

un. PUPILS OF DENISHAWN, by Arthur Kales, San Francisco 

LTV. EGYPTIAN FETE, by Underwood and Underwood, New York 

Gven by Louis Tiffany in NewYork, Flashlight piSure shoving the guests and the full 
stage piSure, with Ruth St. Denis as the dancer, in the center. 

IN. PERFORMANCE OF RADHA BY RUTH ST. DENIS, News Ser 
vice Photograph 

At the opening of Mrs. Frank C. Havens's Oriental home, "Wildwood," in Piedmont, 
California. 

LVI. THE PRIVATE VAUDEVILLE PERFORMANCE FOR DOC 
TOR ANNA SHAW AT THE McALPIN, ty White, New York 
Ruth St. Denis in the costume worn on this occasion. 

LVH. THE LIGHT OF ASIA, by Arthur Kales, San Francisco 

Ruth St. Denis as "The Vision of Yashodhara" in performances of Sir Edwin Arnold's 
" The Light of Asia," at Krotona, Hollywood, California. 

Lvm. MIRIAM, SISTER OF MOSES, by MacGregor, San Francisco 

LIX. AN ORIENTAL STUDY OF RUTH ST. DENIS, by Hixon-Con- 
nelly, Kansas City 

LX. ORIENTALS 

From a painting of Ruth St. Denis by Frank B. A. Union. 

LXI. RUTH ST.DENIS IN PRIVATE LIFE, by Strauss-Peyton, KansasCity 
A portrait head. 

urn. RUTH ST. DENIS, THE PROPHET OF THE DANCE, by Baron 
de Meyer, New York 

Lxra. PORTRAIT, by E. O. Hoppe, London 

LXIV. AN EGYPTIAN STUDY OF RUTH ST. DENIS, by Yarnall Abbot 



R uth St. Denis : Pioneer & Prophet 



i. EGYPTA 
by H. T. Motoyoshi, San Francisco 

The first Oriental photograph. This shows the costume which Ruth St. Denis 

made herself, under the force of her first inspiration, 

while she was touring in "Du Barry." 



n. RADHA 
by Burr Mclntosh, New York 

The first costume for the Temple Dance. Note the nose-ring, later discarded. 

The background is the screen used prior to having 

a full stage setting. 




^ 



in. RADHA 
by White, NevYork 

The first complete scene for the Temple Dance. Reproduction of 
an aSual temple in India. Full stage picture. 




I 



iv. RADHA 
by White, NewYork 

The Temple scene as it was ultimately developed. 
Full stage piSure. 



f 



v. RADHA 
by Otto Sarony, NewYork 

Seated figure in the posture of the idol at the opening and the 
conclusion of the Temple Dance. 



vi. RADHA 
by Otto Sarony, New York 

(a) Sense of sight, (b) Sense of hearing, (c) Sense of smell, 

(d) Sense of taste, (e) Sense of touch, 

(f) The delirium of the senses. 




1 



vn. THE INCENSE 
by Notman, Boston 

The high-caste East Indian woman performing her ceremonies 

of worship behind the Purdah, the veil which separates 

the woman's quarters in the Hindu household. 



vin. THE INCENSE 
by Strauss-Peyton, Kansas City 

The costume of blue-gray chiffon and pearls 
harmonizes with the smoke. 



re. THE COBRAS 

by Ellis and Walery, London 

East Indian street scene shoving the bazaar, jugglers, merchants, and fakirs, 

with the snake-charmer and her musicians departing after their 

impromptu performance. Full stage picTure. 



x. THE COBRAS 

by Notman, Boston 

The dance in which Miss St. Denis was the snake-charmer 

and her arms the cobras. The use of emerald rings as snakes' eyes, 

which has been copied extensively, was 

her own invention. 










t'1 



xi. THE COBRAS 

From a painting by Orlando Rouland. 



xn. THE NAUTCH 
by Ellis and Walery, London 

Scene in a Rajah's palace. The Rajah is entertaining a visiting 
potentate with a nautch. Full stage picture. 



xm.THENAUTCH 

From the painting byKaulbach which for some time hung in the Metropolitan 
Museum in NewYork. This shows the green costume. 



xiv. THE NAUTCH 
by White, NewYork 

This shows the second costume, which was of white and silver, with one hundred 
and twenty-five yards of Liberty silk in the skirt. 



xv. PARVATI, A NAUTCH DANCER 
by Ira Hill, NervYork 

This shows the black and gold nautch dress used in the Pageant at the Greek 
"Theatre at Berkeley and in vaudeville. 



xvi. AN EAST INDIAN NAUTCH 

by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 
Given in the Denishawn Dance Theatre. Full stage piSure. 



xvn. THE YOGI 

by " Veritas," Munich 

The East Indian prince who renounced earthly things and retired 

to the forest to meditate, where he attained Samadhi 

(complete spiritual peace). 



xvm. THE LOTUS POND 

by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 

A Ranee in her garden in Cashmere. 



xix. EGYPTA 
by White, NewYork 

The Invocation to the Nile. In "Egypta " the dances of ancient 
Egypt were first reproduced in modem times. Full stage 
pithtre, Amsterdam Theatre, NewYork. 



xx. EGYPTA 

by Walinger, Chicago 

The Palace Dancer with two harpists. 
Two hieratic groups. 



xxi. THE EGYPTIAN BALLET 
by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 

Ruth St. Denis,Ted Shawn, and eight Denishawn dancers. 
Full stage piSure. 



s/v/Trrrn.! 




xxn. THE EGYPTIAN BALLET 

tylraHilLAfewYor* 
Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn in the posture of the Rebirth. 



xxm. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA 
by White, New York 

The Japanese courtesan O-mika walking in the Yoshiwara. 
Full stage pifhtre. 



xxiv. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA 

by Arnold Genthe, New York 

Head ofO-mika. 



xxv. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA 



O-mika's apartments, with the courtesan performing the "flower- 
arrangement." Black and gold scene. Full stage piSure. 



xxvi. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA 

by White, NewYork 
Japanese flower hat dance. 



xxvn. THE DANCE-PLAY, O-MIKA 
ty Arnold Genthe, New York 

Japanese maiden defending herself with a spear, from the 
Samurai fight dance. 



xxvra. A JAPANESE POETESS OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY 

by Arnold Genthe, NewYork 



XXDC. BAKAWALI, A HINDU LOVE TALE 

by White, NewYork 

Scene ofBakawali, an Apsaras (heavenly dancing girl), before the throne 
in Indra's Heavenly Court. Full stage picture. 



xxx. BAKAWALI, A HINDU LOVE TALE 

by Baron de Meyer, NewYork 
Bakawali comes to earth to meet a mortal lover. The black and gold sari. 






xxxi. THE GARDEN OF KAMA 
&y Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 

The Daughter of the House comes with offerings to invoke Kama 
(the East Indian Eros). 



xxxn. THE GARDEN OF KAMA 
by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 

Frightened at her success, the Daughter of the House flees from 

Kama (Ted Shawn), but receives a love-poisoned 

arrow in her heart. 



xxxm. THE GARDEN OF KAMA 
by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 

The Daughter of the House sings, "There is no breeze to 
cool the heat of love." 



xxxiv. THE GARDEN OF KAMA 

by Francis Bruguiere, San Francisco 
Kama, in the guise of a poor fisher youth, is triumphant. 



xxxv. THE LEGEND OF THE PEACOCK 

by Toloff, Evanston, III. 

The East Indian woman who was turned into a peacock because 
of her excessive vanity. 



xxxvi. THE SCHERZO WALTZ 

by Moffett, Chicago 



xxxvn. FROM A GRECIAN VASE 

by Oscar Pach, Cleveland 

Arcfiaic Greek dance. 



xxxvm. OURIEDA, A ROMANCE OF THE DESERT 

by Baron de Meyer, NewYork 
Ourieda, slave dancing girl in an Algerian coffee house. 



xxxix. OURIEDA, A ROMANCE OF THE DESERT 

fyMoffett, Chicago 

Ourieda being led off into the desert to the tent of her 
lover (Ted Shawn) . 



XL. THE KUAN-YIN 

by Ira Hill, NewYork 
The Chinese Goddess of Mercy. 



XLI. THE SPIRIT OF THE SEA 

ty Ira Hill, A/iwYor* 

Head portrait. 



XLH. THEODORA, EMPRESS OF BYZANTIUM 
by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 

Mosaic throne room scene by Maxwell Armfield. 
Full stage pifture. 



XLHI. THEODORA, EMPRESS OF BYZANTIUM 

by Count Jean de Strelecki, NewYork 

Theodora dances before Justinian. 



XLIV. THE GREEK VEIL PLASTIQUE 
by Witzel, Los Angeles 

Solo dance from the Opera "Orpheus " by Cluck as performed at the 
Greek Theatre at Berkeley. 



XLV. THE OULED-NAIL 
by Count Jean de Strelecki, New York 

CharaSer in an Algerian scene called "The Street of 
the Dancers." 



XLVI. ROYAL SIAMESE BALLET 

by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 

Full stage piSure. 



XLVH. PAGEANT AT THE GREEK THEATRE AT BERKELEY 
fy International Film Service 

Two scenes from the Egyptian dances, one taken on the stage and one 
in the orchestra of the Greek Theatre. 



XLVHI. PAGEANT AT THE GREEK THEATRE AT BERKELEY 

by Anne Brigman, Oakland 
The Tillers of the Soil. 



XLIX. PAGEANT AT THE GREEK THEATRE AT BERKELEY 
by Strauss-Peyton, Kansas City 

A triptych picture ofParvati and the Holy Man, from the East Indian dances : 

(a) She seeks the Way of Peace; (b) Renunciation of worldly things 

is the Way; (c) The attainment. 



L. DENISHAWN 
by Buffum, Los Angeles 

The Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn School of Dancing and Related Arts. 

Ruth St. Denis giving the pupils a lesson in a dance 

of religious meditation. 



LI. RUTH ST. DENIS AT DENISHAWN 

by Edward Henry Weston, Tropico, California 

In teaching costume. 



LH. BALLET CLASS WORK AT DENISHAWN 
by Putnam & Valentine, Los Angeles 



un. PUPILS OF DENISHAWN 
by Arthur Kales, San Francisco 



LIV. EGYPTIAN FETE 
by Underwood and Underwood, New York 

Given by Louis Tiffany in NewYork. Flashlight picture showing the guests 

and the full stage piclure, with Ruth St. Denis 

as the dancer, in the center. 



LV. PERFORMANCE OF RADHA BY RUTH ST. DENIS 
News Service Photograph 

At the opening of Mrs. Frank C. Havens's Oriental home, 
"Wildwood"'m Piedmont, California. 



LVI. THE PRIVATE VAUDEVILLE PERFORMANCE FOR 
DOCTOR ANNA SHAW AT THE McALPIN 

ty White, NevYork 
Ruth St. Denis in the costume worn on this occasion. 



LVH. THE LIGHT OF ASIA 
^Arthur Kales, San Francisco 

Ruth St. Denis as "The Vision of Yashodhara" in performances 

of Sir Edwin Arnold's "The Light of Asia," at 

Krotona, Hollywood, California. 



Lvra. MIRIAM, SISTER OF MOSES 
by MacGregor, San Francisco 



LIX. AN ORIENTAL STUDY OF RUTH ST. DENIS 
by Hixon-Connelly, Kansas City 



LX. ORIENTALS 
From a painting of Ruth St. Denis by Frank B.A.Linton. 



LXI. RUTH ST. DENIS IN PRIVATE LIFE 

by Strauss-Peyton, Kansas City 

A portrait head. 



LXH. RUTH ST. DENIS, THE PROPHET OF THE DANCE 
by Baron de Meyer, New York 



Lxra. PORTRAIT 
by E. O. Hoppe, London 



LXIV. AN EGYPTIAN STUDY OF RUTH ST. DENIS 
by Yarnall Abbot 



r 
v, 2. 



7 







V 

















r 





. 














' 



















\ 



I 

>-